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Useful Tips

Wildlife Viewing Tips
Although there are no guarantees that you will see wildlife while visiting the Maliau Basin, there are some things that you can do to greatly increase your chances:

  • Be quiet
    Animals can be scared off easily. Try sitting quietly in one good location. Let wildlife get used to your presence. Many animals that have hidden will reappear once they think you are gone. Often you will hear more than you will see.

  • Be patient
    Don't expect to see everything in the first few minutes.

  • Time your visit
    Watch at dawn and dusk, this is the time when most wildlife species are active enough to view. In tropical climates, little is moving on hot afternoon or windy days.

  • Use the right tools
    Use binoculars or a long lens for a closer look.

  • Moon's phases
    The influence of moonlight on behaviour has been documented for many nocturnal animals. Some mammals are less active on the nights when the moon is full. The assumption is that the light would make them more vulnerable to predators.

  • Look for animal signs
    Tracks, scat, feathers, and nests left behind often tell interesting stories.

  • Use all your senses
    Sounds, smells, scents and sights are parts of the whole picture. Listen to the natural sounds around you. You may hear birds, frogs, insects, the leaves rustling, a rushing stream or wind in the treetops. Many animals keep their nose to the wind and depend on their sense of smell to warn them of approaching danger or to tell them of other animals nearby.

  • Before you go
    Don't use perfume. Wear muted, natural coloured clothing.

  • Smoking
    May alert an animal to your presence.

Tips for Trekkers To Maliau Basin

  1. Anti-Malaria Pills
    There are few mosquitoes during the trip. You can choose not to take the pill but remember to use insect repellent. Most visitors are more worried about the leeches.

  2. Physically Fit
    As the trip to Maliau Basin involves three days of trekking and lots of up and down the hill, it is highly recommended that visitors are reasonable fit, at least to endure 6 to 8 hours of trekking per day. In any event we have taken visitors who did not train much, for the trip. Just remember to take it easy, pace yourself and enjoy the surrounding. There are lots of interesting vegetation, mushroom, insects for you to discover.


  3. Water
    Trekking in the humid jungle (not too hot as the trails are covered by dense forest canopy) you will perspire a lot and you may not realize it. It is important to bring 2-3 liter of water with you and have frequent sip of water during the trek. You may want to use dehydration salt or tablets in your water to replenish lost of mineral to avoid muscle cramp. There are water piped from Agathis Camp and Ginseng Camp. So there are plenty of water for drinking and shower. At Lobah Camp which is the highest point of the trip, the water source is in a tank collected from rain water and the water is first used for drinking and cooking, then for cleaning and shower.

  4. Clothing
    Personally wearing a thin t-shirt (or quick dry t-shirt) and a long pants for all the trekking is advisable. There is no need to change as you will perspire a lot within 1-2 hours of trekking and your t-shirt will be completely wet. You may want to take a dip at Maliau Fall, so be prepared to wear your swim suit or a quick dry t-shirt on the day when you are trekking to Maliau Fall. You will need a spare set of clothing for sleeping. You can bring a bag with locks to keep your clean clothing (for your trip returning to KK) in a store room in the base camp (Agathis Camp). An umbrella is very useful if it rains. Hat or cap is very useful as they will protect your head against overhanging tree branches.

  5. Toenail
    Make sure you trim your toenail. Usually trekkers will lose their toenail after a few days of trekking, and it is very painful going down the hill when toes are knocking on your shoes.

  6. Trekking pole
    This will be useful to help you balance and taking some load off your feet.

  7. First Aid Kit
    It will be useful to bring some plaster or bandage in case of minor cuts or injury. Please bring your own medicine. If you are prone to allergy from insects bite (bees, sands flies, etc) it is useful to bring an anti-hestamine or ointment to relief itchiness or rashes.

MALIAU BASIN : Checklist For Trekkers

  • A compass or Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Personal First Aid Kit (anti malaria pills as a preventive measure)
  • Whistle and Pocket knife
  • Sleeping Bag and Insect Repellant
  • Flashlight (spare bulb and extra batteries)
  • Camera (extra films and batteries)
  • Leech Socks and extra socks
  • Hat and Rain Coat
  • Long Sleeved T-Shirts (Maliau is cool at night) and towels that can dry fast
  • Extra pants
  • Slipper, Trekker Boots or "Adidas" Shoes (useful when trekking on slippery trails)
  • Spare Plastic Bags (to store camera in case of rain and to pack clothing in plastic bags before putting it inside backpack)
  • Drinking Water
  • Garbage Bag (useful protective shield from rain)
  • Heavy Duty Backpack – guests are encourage to carry their own backpack
  • Personal Toiletries (tooth brush, paste, body soap, shampoo, toilet paper and etc.)
  • Personal Items (plastic food container i.e. lunch box, fork, spoon and cup)
  • High energy snacks food e.g. chocolate, nuts and etc.

Do's and Don't's In The Maliau Basin Conservation Area

  • No hunting is allowed. Fire arms are absolutely forbidden.
  • No collecting or trapping of any plant or animal specimens
  • No slashing of vegetation or cutting of new trails
  • No graffiti on rocks or trees
  • All litter / rubbish must be brought out
  • Visitors must only stay in the designated campsites
  • Campfires can be lit only under the supervision of Rangers